Form elements without style are displayed according to browser and operation system defaults. The form shown in the next picture is displayed according to Mozilla Firefox’s default style on Windows 7 operating system.

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A Web form without style

A Web form without style

The next test file is used for the form above:

File Test.html

<!DOCTYPE html PUBLIC “-//W3C//DTD XHTML 1.0 Strict//EN”

“https://www.w3.org/TR/xhtml1/DTD/xhtml1-strict.dtd”>

<html xmlns=”https://www.w3.org/1999/xhtml” lang=”en-US”>

<head>

<title>How to style form elements with CSS</title>

<meta http-equiv=”content-type” content=”text/html; charset=utf-8″ />

<link rel=”stylesheet” type=”text/css” href=”test.css” />

</head>

<body>

<form method=”post” action=”test2.html”>

<table>

<tr>

<td>Name</td>

<td><input type=”text” name=”name” id=”name” /></td>

</tr>

<tr>

<td>Company</td>

<td><input type=”text” name=”company” id=”company” /></td>

</tr>

<tr>

<td>Contact purpose</td>

<td><select name=”purpose” id=”purpose”>

<option value=”Feedback”>Feedback</option>

<option value=”Technical Support”>Technical Support</option>

<option value=”Other”>Other</option></select>

</td>

</tr>

<tr>

<td>Subject</td>

<td><input type=”text” name=”subject” id=”subject” /></td>

</tr>

<tr>

<td>Message</td>

<td><textarea name=”message” id=”message” cols=”30″ rows=”4″></textarea></td>

</tr>

</table>

<p><input type=”submit” name=”btnSubmit” id=”btnSubmit” value=”Submit” /></p>

</form>

</body>

</html>

You can change the look of this form by creating CSS rules for the <form>, <input>, <textarea>, and <select> tags. You can use the next file for example:

File test.css

form {

border: 1px dotted #aaaaaa;

padding: 3px 6px 3px 6px;

}

input {

color: #00008B;

background-color: #FFFFCC;

border: 1px solid #FFCC00;

}

select {

width: 100px;

color: #00008B;

background-color: #FFFFCC;

border: 1px solid #FFCC00;

}

textarea {

width: 200px;

height: 40px;

color: #00008B;

background-color: #FFFFCC;

border: 1px solid #FFCC00;

}

The next picture presents the same form after implementation of styles for the tags:

 

Styling the Web form elements with CSS

Styling the Web form elements with CSS